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What You Should Know Now About Throat Cancer’s Link to Oral Sex And Its Symptoms – Dr. Prendes

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You likely think of cervical cancer when you hear about the rising incidence of human papilloma virus (HPV).

So you might be surprised to learn that this sexually-transmitted virus is also a leading cause of throat cancer (oropharyngeal cancer), and it spreads from person to person via oral sex.

Though oral cancers have long been linked to smoking, head and neck surgeon Brandon Prendes, MD, says current research shows that HPV is directly related to some throat cancers. In fact, these cancers are on the rise, and soon will outpace new cervical cancer cases, he says.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data, there are 18,000 new cases of throat cancer diagnosed annually that are potentially related to HPV. About 10% of men and 4% of women have oral HPV, but only about 1% have the particular type associated with throat cancer: HPV 16.

Most of the time, HPV goes away all by itself and most people never know they have it. It’s not yet understood why HPV lingers in others for decades, potentially causing throat cancer.

What are the risks?

The No. 1 risk in contracting oral HPV and developing HPV-related throat cancer is having multiple oral sex partners, Dr. Prendes says. Having a higher number of partners increases the risk for both men and women.

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Women experience less HPV-related throat cancer, researchers say, because they may have developed an immunological response to fight off cervical cancer. Men don’t have the same immunity.

Smoking also raises the risk of developing throat cancer and decreases the response to treatment in patients that are diagnoses with HPV-related throat cancer, Dr. Prendes says. You’re at greatest risk if you smoke at least a pack a day for 10 years.

How do you limit your risks?

Here Dr. Prendes offers five ways to help you limit your risk of HPV-related throat cancer:

Limit your number of lifetime sexual partners. The increase in risk involved with greater numbers of sexual partners is even greater for oral sexual partners. Also, use condoms or dental dams consistently for some protection.

Get children and young adults vaccinated. For males and females between ages 9 and 45, a three-round HPV vaccine can ward off HPV infection and likely will lead to decreased risk of developing these HPV- related cancers.

Get screened. Regular screening increases the chances you’ll catch a tumor early. Your doctor will feel your neck, examine your throat and inspect your mouth.

Visit your dentist. Get regular dental checkups because dentists are often the first practitioners to notice abnormalities with the tongue and tonsils.

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Limit smoking and alcohol. Quit smoking and reduce alcohol consumption to cut your risk.

What symptoms should you watch for?

HPV-related throat cancer symptoms can often go largely overlooked, Dr. Prendes says, because they’re difficult to recognize and categorize. If any of the symptoms lasts beyond two weeks, see your doctor or an ear, nose and throat specialist. The symptoms include:

Neck mass or swelling.

Ear pain.

Painful swallowing (like something is stuck in the back of your throat.

Snoring (as a new issue, without sudden weight gain).

Difficulty eating.

Vocal changes (hoarseness).

Sore throat.

Enlarged lymph nodes.

Unexplained weight loss.

HPV oral cancers slow to develop, but quick to spread

HPV-related cancers spread quickly to the lymph nodes. It’s not that the tumors spread quickly due to issues with the immune system — they spread quickly for unknown reasons. However, they show up first as large swollen lymph nodes because the body has an immune response at the site of the lymph nodes once tumor reaches this area, causing swelling and a noticeable neck mass, Dr. Prendes says.

So, these cancers are often diagnosed when they have already spread to lymph nodes in the neck. However, the good news is due to the excellent response of these HPV-related throat cancers to treatment, even a patient with multiple lymph nodes in the neck containing cancer will still fall into Stage 1 or Stage 2 disease, according to the newest version of the AJCC cancer staging system.

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It can take up to 30 years for HPV-related throat cancer to appear, making it most common in adults between the ages of 40 and 60. The Oral Cancer Foundation reports it’s growing fastest among otherwise healthy men, ages 35 to 55.

Dr. Prendes says researchers have developed a clinical test that searches for the P16 molecular marker in biopsy samples, a marker that indicates HPV-related cancer. Successful treatment and cure rates are high if you know what to look for and know your risk, he says.

Overall, HPV-related throat cancers respond well to surgery and radiation. Between 90 and 95% of diagnosed cases have five-year, disease-free survivorship rates, he says.

Although researchers are still learning more about HPV-related throat cancer, the verdict about whether HPV is truly to blame is in, Dr. Prendes says.

“I don’t think anyone in our field or any epidemiologist would argue the link between HPV and throat cancer at this point,” he says. “It’s a strong link.”

 

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NMA Urges Buhari To Declare State Of Emergency On Health Sector.

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NMA Urges Buhari To Declare State Of Emergency On Health Sector.

Idris Ahmed, Lokoja.

Nigeria Medical Association, Kogi state chapter, has appealed to President Muhammad Buhari to declare a State of emergency on health sector to stem economic waste on health vacations abroad by prominent Nigerians.

Chairman, Nigeria Medical Association (NMA) Kogi state branch, Dr Omakoji Oyigwu, made the appeal while commending the leadership and members of the National Association of Resident Doctors ( NARD) over their genuine struggle to redeem and rescue the already battered heath sector of the country.

Reacting to the recently suspended nationwide strike embarked upon by the National Association of Resident Doctors, Dr Oyigwu, hailed them for the strike which he said has exposed the inadequacies of the government in the health sector.

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He explained that many government top notchers died of Corona virus infection due to weak health infrastructure in the country, pointing out that the suspended strike has exposed the failure of governments in the implementation of international standard health best practices .

Dr Oyigwu who expressed disgust over massive brain drain to foreign health institutions due to weak facilities, infrastructure and poor renumeration ,urged President Muhammadu Buhari to make history by creating a state of emergency via an “executive order”on the health sector to enforce establishment of necessary health infrastructure equivalent to those taking care of our leaders who are always on health vacations abroad.

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He equally appealed to governments at all levels to prioritize the welfare and prompt payments of emoluments of health workers to motivate them put in their best.

The NMA Chairman who commended the government for abolition of the” Bench fee” for Doctors on further studies, however called on the government to increase the hazard allowance of N5000 to a more appreciable amount in view of dangers surrounding the health care work.

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Senator Philip Aduda, Jiba, Sokodabo Takes Covid-19 Vaccines

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Senator Philip Aduda, Jiba, Sokodabo Takes Covid-19 Vaccines

Senator Philip Aduda (m) and the two house of representatives members, Hon Micah Jiba and Hon Hassan Sokodabo, during taking of dose of Covid-19 vaccines in Abuja on Monday

Senator Philip Aduda (m) and the two house of representatives members, Hon Micah Jiba and Hon Hassan Sokodabo, during taking of dose of Covid-19 vaccines in Abuja on Monday

By Sadiq Abubakar, Abuja.

Senator Philip Aduda, representing the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) and two house of representatives members for AMAC/Bwari and Abuja South federal constituencies, Hon Micah Jiba and Hon Hassan Usman Sokodabo both took their own dose of the Covid-19 vaccines in Abuja.

FCT UBEB Director Rejoices with NUT State Treasurer Over Wedding Solemnization

Senator Aduda, while speaking shortly after taking his dose of the Covid-19 vacine, called on residents of the territory to ensure they also receive the Covid-19 vaccines.

He said it was important for every of the FCT residents to take the Covid-19 vaccines in order to avoid being infected by the deadly virus.

He, however, said that all hands must be on deck to completely nipping in the bud the surge of Covid-19 virus in the FCT and the entire country.

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The acting executive secretary of the FCT Primary Health Care Development Agency, Dr Iwot Ndaeyo Akpan, alongside the Chairman FCT Minister’s press Corps, Ikharo Attah, took time to adequately sensitize the general public on the efficacy of the vaccine.

Also, a house of representatives member for Abuja South federal constituency, Hon Hassan Usman Sokodobo and the FCT permanent secretary, in their separate remarks at the occasion, also encouraged residents to ensure they are vaccinated.

Senator Philip Aduda, representing FCT take his dose of the Covid-19 vaccine at his official residence in Abuja on Monday

Senator Philip Aduda, representing FCT take his dose of the Covid-19 vaccine at his official residence in Abuja on Monday

Global Times Nigeria, report that Senator Aduda, also ordered all his households, including his security agents as well as all his staff, aides to get the vaccine.

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Covid-19 Vaccines: Kogi Flag Off Vaccines, Raises ” Research Team” On Vaccines.

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Kogi State Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu
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Covid-19 Vaccines: Kogi Flag Off Vaccines, Raises ” Research Team” On Vaccines.

Kogi State Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu

Kogi State Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu

By Idris Ahmed, Lokoja.

Kogi state government has finally flagged off Covid 19 vaccination on Tuesday after receiving 16,900 doses of Astrazenica oxford vaccines from National Primary Health Development Agency (NPHDA)

No Controversy Over Discovery Of Kogi COVID-19 Index Case. —- NCDC

Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu who flagged off the exercise on behalf of the state Governor, Alhaji Yahaya Bello, announced that Kogi state government has raised a ” research team” on Covid-19 and the vaccines, to explore the deficiency of the virus in the state, monitor the vaccination closely to identify effects and side effects that may be noticed after administering the vaccines on individuals.

AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine

AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine

He explained that Kogi state with a population of about 4.6 million people, the research team will go into the various communities using the Covid-19 molecular laboratories that could help to answer some salient questions regarding the scourge.

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The team is headed by Dr Francis Akpa of the Federal Medical Centre Lokoja

COVID-19: Vaccination Begins In Kogi, Prioritises Health Workers

The Commissioner who used the opportunity of the flag off explain the stand of Kogi state Governor, Alhaji Yahaya Bello, on Covid-19, which he said was in the best interest of the state, said as a leader, the Governor would not allow any calamity to befall his people.

He stated that no investigation on the spread of the virus was carried out before asking people to take measures on what is not known to them, pointing out though the pandemic is real in some places across the globe, some areas were not affected as was circulated, appealing to the people not to misunderstand or misconstrue the sincerity of his utterances.

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Dr Audu who also admitted that the virus is real in some places, said despite the menace of Covid-19 across the globe, Kogi has not recorded death toll beyond the average statistical data of over two years ago, assured assuring that the vaccines are preventive.

He therefore advised the people of the state to come forward and receive the vaccines, though nobody will compelled or denied.

Earlier the Director General of the National Primary Health care Development Agency (NPHDA), Dr Faisal Shuaib, represented by Dr Utibe Abasi Urua, a Director of the agency said over 3.1 million Nigerians have so far been vaccinated since the arrival and distribution of the vaccines in the country.

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He cautioned that the preventive measure of Covid-19 does not start and end with the vaccines and therefore urged the people to continue and maintain the protocol of hand washing, social distancing, wearing face mask, avoid crowded areas as well as keeping sanitary rules and clean environment.

The Director General therefore advised the state Ministry of Health to always brief the press to reach to the grassroots .

As top Government notchers were absent at the ceremony, the first dose was administered on Dr Abubakar Yakubu, the state Director Primary Health care Development Agency.

Kogi State Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu

Kogi State Commissioner of Health, Dr Saka Haruna Audu

The occasion was witnessed by religious leaders, Civil Society Organizations, People living with disabilities and relevant stakeholders.

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